These have only been in place since the Training, Competence, Children and Learning Act 2009. Article 32 of the Act defines what an apprenticeship contract is and article 37 stipulates an obligation to participate. An important condition is that an apprenticeship contract is concluded within the framework of a qualifying training framework. Employers have already been trapped – simply using a standard contract and changing the job title to “apprentice” will not work because it does not contain the necessary clauses and the employer has therefore created a training contract instead. The apprenticeship contract grants the trainee a special status within the meaning of the Labour Code. In 2019/2020, the amount of remuneration of trainees seeking a CCP diploma varies between €452.56 and €769.36 for the first year; from € 509,08 to € 995,60 for the second year; and from €622.28 to €1,131.36 for the third year of apprenticeship. – technical programme (diploma of “general” school-based vocational training in upper secondary education, DFESG) (ESC level 4): 6,357 learners – 47.9% of pupils in upper secondary vocational education and training (where apprenticeship is not offered as an option); Certain general provisions of the Labour Code apply to apprenticeship contracts: an apprentice dismissed under contract may very well receive a higher remuneration than other workers in the same situation. Because such an award reflects not only the loss of income from the training contract, but also the future income that they cannot achieve now. The Ministry of National Education, Children and Youth is the body responsible for coordinating initial vocational training and the apprenticeship programme. If the main objective of the agreement is for the employer to train the trainee, this means that there is automatically a training contract.
Since 2019, the evaluation of the final integrated projects at the end of the training is the responsibility of the evaluation teams. After the appointment of the Minister, they are composed of: learners in adult learning are entitled to remuneration at least equal to the minimum social income for unskilled workers. In this case, the conditions of Art. L. 223-1 of the Labour Code applies. In 2020, the minimum social income will be set at €2,141 per month. In practice, each learning program has its own curriculum, which is defined by the curriculum committee and regularly updated. The program differs considerably from school and internships. Under the law, an “approved English apprenticeship contract” is considered to be a service contract that grants the trainee only the legal protection enjoyed by ordinary workers. The rights of an apprentice under an apprenticeship contract have been dealt with above.
In 2019, the Luxembourg vocational education and training system offers three vocational programmes, divided into a total of 92 alternance training professions: in the 2019/2020 school year, a total of 3477 apprentices were enrolled in vocational training programmes as part of apprenticeship training. From May 2015, the Apprenticeship, Skills, Children and Learning Act 2009 was amended by the Deregulation Act 2015 to introduce the idea of an approved English apprenticeship contract. The Certificate of Professional Competence (CCP) can only be obtained as part of the apprenticeship programme, while some DAP qualifications and most DT qualifications are organised as academic qualifications, including a practical part in the company under the internship agreement. .