Reinsurance contracts often have a language that limits the amount of liability of a reinsurer. This may be a fixed amount or a percentage of losses. The investment point is determined by factors that influence the experience of losses, such as. B the number of losses recorded over a period of time, the risk profile of policyholders and demographic trends. A clause in a reinsurance contract that provides that the contract or agreement can be terminated immediately in the case of one or more conditions. Certain conditions could be: acquisition, control or merger by or with another company; Loss of a significant portion of the company`s insurance surplus; a sudden and substantial change in the direction of the company; Non-payment of premiums; Bankruptcy or liquidation. The clause should explain the contracting party, the requirements, the termination requirements and the method of terminating existing transactions (i.e., whether they are cut or being executed). Also known as sudden Death Clause. A group of individuals or organizations to pursue certain insurance objectives. For example, in Lloyd`s of London, individual underwriters work in separate unions to write marine insurance, reinsurance, life insurance, etc. and entrust the administrative details of each union to a union manager. See pool.
Aggregate stop-loss reinsurance limits the total amount of losses incurred by a divested entity. It is essentially a way for an insurance company to protect itself from too many unexpected losses. This limit, called an investment point, only applies if the value of the claim resources reaches the fixing point. As soon as losses exceed the investment point, reinsurance is responsible for losses. For all stop-loss reinsurance, losses on a certain amount over the life of the contract are covered by the reinsurer and not by the original insurer or the company that has withdrawn. An exposure of an insurance company within the categories of its reinsured activities for which the company has self-issued a policy (or certificate), has filed a premium declaration on its books, or has established an internal memorandum detailing the exposure, with the aim of covering this self-insured obligation of its reinsurance contracts. Unlike an uninsured bond for which there would be no coverage. Some dispute the validity of this type of transaction because it violates the principle of contract law that a company cannot enter into contracts with itself. Stop loss reinsurance is a kind of excess reinsurance in which the reinsurer is responsible for losses incurred by the insured over a period of time (usually one year) that exceed up to the insurance ceiling a certain amount or percentage of a commercial measure such as. B of the earned premiums issued.
Aggregate stop loss reinsurance contracts can be risky for reinsurance companies, as they must cover all losses on a certain amount. If an insurance company suffers a sharp increase in the amount of damages, for example. B by disaster, the reinsurer could perhaps cover many losses on its own, which could lead to insolvency. The payment of the loss by the insurer in the form of a lump sum to the applicant (or his lawyer) plus an amount in discounted dollars (rewarded) to a pension company (linked or not related to the insurer) which grants the plaintiff (the annuitant) an amount per year for a period of years or for the life of the annuity.